MORRIS, Sir Cedric Lockwood 9th Bart.

1889 - 1982

Cedric Morris

Cedric Lockwood Morris, was born at Sketty, Swansea, Glamorganshire on 11 December 1889, eldest child of wealthy iron merchant, Sir George Lockwood Morris (29 January 1859-23 November 1947), 8th Bart. and his wife Wilhelmina Elizabeth née Cory (20 May 1864-8 October 1948), who married at Swansea in 1889, the Morris family rose to prominence in Swansea in the mid-18th century through their success in the copper smelting business. In 1901, 42 year old George and his 35 year old wife Elizabeth were living at Cefn Golan Park, Gowerton, Swansea with three children, Cedric, Muriel Emily (1892-1907), Nancy Wilhelmina Lockwood (1893-1988), and kept a governess and four indoor servants, none of the children married. By 1911 they had moved to Ty Maen, South Cornelly, Pyle, Bridgend where Cedric was the only child living at home and was of 'no occupation'. Educated at Charterhouse School after which he worked in Canada and studied singing in London and in 1914 attended Académie Delécluse, Paris but being unfit for active military service, volunteered to train army horses at Lord Rosslyn's stables near Reading, where he met Alfred Munnings [q.v.]. After a time working at Zennor, Cornwall, where he took up painting in watercolour and where he met Arthur Lett-Haines [q.v.], and in 1919 they went to Newlyn where Morris learned to paint in oil. In 1921 Morris moved to Paris where he studied at the Academies Moderne, Suedoise and La Grande Chaumiere and Atelier Colarossi, his teachers included Andre Lhote (1865-1962) and Fernand Leger (1881-1955) and during these years, Morris, along with Lett and other friends, travelled extensively around Europe and North Africa and visited, among other countries, Italy, Algeria, Tunisia, Spain and Portugal. He returned to London in 1927 and elected to the London Group and the 7 & 5 Society. In the summer of 1930 they took a lease on Pound Farm (or ‘The Pound’) near Higham in Suffolk and in 1937, together with Arthur Lett Haines [q.v.], they opened The East Anglian School of Painiting and Drawing at Dedham, Essex but on 26 July 1939, the school building in Dedham was destroyed by a fire, supposedly started accidentally by Freud, who was smoking inside. By mid-1940, Morris and Lett had relocated the school to Benton End, a large house on the outskirts of Hadleigh, Suffolk, which also functioned as their home. Benton End became noted not only for its gardens, but for its notable and distinguished students including Lucien Freud (1922-2011). Although not a member, Morris exhibited at the Ipswich Art Society in 1941 two works 'Landscape at Higham' and 'Llantony', in 1942 'Yellow Irises' and in 1980 'Fournas, Azores 1966' and was an exhibitor at the Norfolk & Norwich Art Circle in 1946 from Hadleigh, Suffolk and had many solo shows and in 1984 was commemorated in a major exhibition at Tate Gallery. He succeeded his father as 9th baronet in 1947 and in the early 1970s Morris’s eyesight began to fail and in 1975 he gave up painting. In 1978 Lett died and over the next four years Millie Hayes (1916–2001), who had moved to the house in 1966, undertook the management of Benton End. On 8 February 1982, plantsman, painter and traveller Cedric Morris died at Ipswich at the age of 92. He was succeeded as 10th baronet by Robert Byng Morris (1913-1999).




Works by This Artist