BUTLER, George Edmund

1872 - 1936

George Edmund Butler

George Edmund Butler, was born at Home Cottage, South Stoneham, Southampton, Hampshire on 15 January 1872, son of Joseph Cawte Butler, a builder, and his wife Jane née Tiller, who married at Southampton in 1866. In 1881, George was a 9 year old, living at Home Cottage, South Stoneham with his parents, 37 year old George and 37 year old Jane, with five sibling sisters, Jane 14, Ada F. 11, Annie B. 6, Winifred J. 4 and Harriett A. 2, all born at Southampton. In 1883 the family emigrated to Wellington, New Zealand and after young George had completed his education at Te Aro School, he worked for his father and from 1890, studied art part-time under James MacLauchlan Nairn (1859-1904) at the Wellington School of Design. In 1892, he joined the avant-garde Wellington Art Club, founded by Nairn, and soon established a local reputation for his paintings of seascapes. In 1897 Butler, and the Wellington art dealer McGregor Wright, went to Sydney to study pictures in the National Art Gallery of New South Wales and afterwards studied abroad at Lambeth School of Art in London, the Académie Julian in Paris, where he gained honours, and at the Antwerp Academy, winning a gold medal and laurel wreath in 1900. Whilst in England he married at Lyndhurst, Hampshire on 29 April 1899, his first wife, Sarah Jane Popplestone. In 1900, Butler returned to Wellington and in that year exhibited in Wellington and the Christchurch Art Society exhibitions. The following year he settled in Dunedin and exhibited from there until 1905, and his paintings won praise at the Otago Art Society exhibitions and he made his living by giving tuition in drawing, and was commissioned to complete a number of portraits of city dignitaries. In 1905 he returned to England and settled in Bristol, teaching art at Clifton College. After establishing a reputation as a portrait and landscape artist in oils and watercolours, Butler was elected to the Royal West of England Academy in 1912 and also exhibited at the Royal Academy of Arts, the Royal Scottish Academy, the Royal Academy and the annual salon exhibition at the Société des Artistes Français in Paris. At the outbreak of the First World War, the New Zealand Expeditionary Force War Museum appointed him official New Zealand war artist with the honorary rank of captain and he joined the New Zealand Division in France. After demobilisation on 31 December 1918, Butler was privately commissioned by Robert Heaton Rhodes and Major General Sir Andrew Hamilton Russell to paint a series of senior officer portraits and a number of large landscapes of New Zealand battlefield sites along the Western Front, these were purchased by the New Zealand Government. Butler never returned to New Zealand and lived at The Studio, Bath Road, Felixstowe, Suffolk where his wife Sarah died on 15 March 1928. A member of the Ipswich Art Club 1923-1929 and exhibited from The Studio, 77 Henley Road, Ipswich in 1923 five oil paintings, 'The Garden of Childhook', 'Homeward', 'Portrait', 'Feeding the Fowls' and 'Spring'. After his second marriage on 29 April 1929, to Monica Susan Boyce (1877-1966), he returned to London. He died at Twickenham on 9 August 1936, survived by his second wife and the two children from his first marriage, Berenice and Brian. He signs his works 'G. E. Butler' in block letters with a date.

Works by This Artist