1948 - 1973

Hanover Gallery was founded by Erica Brausen (1908-1992) who had worked at Redfern Gallery, and, with the support of Arthur Jeffress, a millionaire collector, and in June 1948 she opened her own Hanover Gallery in St George's Street, off Hanover Square, London. Over the following twenty-five years, the Hanover became one of the most diverse and interesting galleries in Europe. In 1949, the gallery gave Francis Bacon his first solo exhibition and for a decade, they had a working relationship but in 1958, following a disagreement, Bacon joined the Marlborough Gallery. However, when some years later Bacon was told of Brausen's illness, he is reputed to have sent her a cheque for more than 100,000. The Hanover Gallery closed in March 1973 but Brausen, having opened a gallery in Zurich with Gimpel Fils as Gimpel und Hanover Galerie until it too closed in 1984, continued to deal from her Swiss base and as well from her London home. Over the years, Erica Brausen had working relations with the 20th century iconic artist including Henri Matisse, Joan Miro, Fred McWilliam, Henry Moore, William Scott, Nano Reid, Eileen Agar, Marcel Duchamp, Max Ernst, Alberto Giacometti, Man Ray and Rene Magritte. Erica Brausen died in 1992.

Between c. 1880-1890 another Hanover Gallery was at 47 New Bond Street, London, the early exhibiting gallery for both the Society of Women Artists and the Royal Society of Painter-Printmakers. These galleries were not related.