ZINKEISEN, Doris Clare

1897 - 1991

Doris Clare Zinkeisen - self-portrait

Doris Clare Zinkeisen was born at Clynder House, Rosneath, Argyll, Scotland on 31 July 1897, eldest daughter of Victor Zinkeisen (5 July 1863-30 October 1929), a merchant and amateur artist, and his wife Clara Bolton-Charles (7 September 1869-1952), eldest daughter of David R Charles of Hoylake, Cheshire, who married at West Kirby Parish Church on 15 July 1896, Doris's younger sister was Anna Zinkeisen. In 1909 the family moved to Pinner, near Harrow and after being educated by private tutors, she studied at Harrow School of Art and in 1917 won a scholarship to the Royal Academy Schools, where she studied with her sister. Her first painting, a portrait of her sister Anna, was shown at the Royal Academy in 1918 which was painted by Doris when she was only aged 16, and she continued to exhibit until 1940. Doris and her sister shared a studio in London in the 1920s and 30s and together they did the murals for the liner Queen Mary, and she also worked widely in other media as an illustrator and commercial artist including producing advertising posters for several British railway companies, the London Underground and murals for the RMS Queen Elizabeth, winning bronze, silver and gold medals at the Paris Salon. Her realist style made her popular as a portraitist and she became a well-known society painter, the subject matter of her paintings, society portraiture, equestrian portraiture and scenes from the parks of London and Paris reflect the lifestyle of the upper class at that time. Early on she was taken up by the impresario Nigel Playfair (1874-1934), which led to a lifelong association with the theatre, and she worked with Charles Blake Cochran (1872-1951) and painted the portraits of many notable actresses including Anna Neagle and Evelyn Laye. She worked at the 'Old Vic' with Laurence Olivier and created his make-up for the film 'Richard III' and wrote her bible 'Designing for the Stage'. A theatrical stage and costume designer, painter, commercial artist and writer and was also a fine horsewoman, winning the Moscow Cup for the Supreme Hack Championship at the International Horse Show in 1934, and her pictures often feature horses and carriages in period settings, and are noted for their clean draughtsmanship and unique palette. At the end of the Second World War, she was the first artist to enter the infamous Belsen Concentration Camp and two of her painting are in the Imperial War Museum. Zinkeisen continued to work in London as a theatrical designer and held occasional exhibitions of her paintings, also designing the cover of a special edition of 'Everybody's Magazine' to celebrate the coronation of Queen Elizabeth II in 1953 and the following year designed, amongst others, the scenery and costumes for NoŽl Coward's musical, 'After the Ball'. She married at Marylebone, London on 25 July 1927, Edward Grahame Johnstone, a naval officer, and had twin daughters born in 1928, Anne Grahame Johnstone and Janet Grahame Johnstone, who were also artists, and a son, Murray Johnstone. Grahame Johnstone died in 1946 and Zinkeisen's twin girls then lived with their mother moving with her to Badingham, Suffolk in 1966. Doris Claire Johnstonre died at Badingham on 3 January 1991, aged 92. She signed her work 'Doris Zinkeisen' printed letters.

Royal Academy Exhibits
from The Elms, Oakhill Avenue, Pinner
1918 468 Babs
1921 198 The Lass of Mile End
from 8 St Andrew's Place, Regent's Park, London, NW 1
1924 671 Scene in St James's Park
1925 208 Elsa Lanchester
1927 334 Anna
1928 606 Miss Edythe Baker
1929 537 Mrs Grahame Johnstone
from 6 Chester Terrace, Regent's Park, Northwest London
1930 458 Mrs Irwin Buxton
1931 342 Sarah McCord, daughter of Mr and Mrs Engledow Harbord
         472 F G Wallis-Whiddett, Esq.
         576 Mrs Roland Dangerield
1932 361 Miss Vivien St. George in Costume
1933 678 New Moon
1934 76 Mevagissey Harbour
1936 356 Mrs Bernard Watson
         756 Black Coffee
1938 218 Leisure
         226 Mrs Stern
1940 318 Lieut. E. Grahame Johnstone, D.S.C., R.N.V.R.

Works by This Artist