POYNTER, Sir Edward John

1836 - 1919

Sir Edward Poynter

Born in Paris on 20 March and baptised on 14 April 1836, son of architect Ambrose Poynter (1796-1886) and his wife Louisa Noble née [?] (1811-1874), who married in Paris on 26 December 1832, his parents returned to England soon after his birth. Educated at Brighton College and at Ipswich School (1851-1852) when his health detiorated when his father considered him too weakly to follow him into his architectural practice spending winters in Madeira and Rome. In 1853 he met Frederick Leighton (1830-1896) whose grandiose historical paintings encouraged 17 year old Poynter to pursue an artistic career. On his return to London he studied at Leigh's Academy in Newman Street and the Royal Academy Schools, before going to Paris to study in the studio of the classicist painter Charles Gleyre where James McNeill Whistler and George du Maurier were fellow-students. He became best known for his large historical paintings such as Israel in Egypt (1867), followed by St George for England (1869), a mosaic for the Central Lobby of the Palace of Westminster, depicting St George and the Dragon. Poynter held several official posts; the first Slade Professor at University College London 1871-1875, principal of the National Art Training School 1875-1881 and director of the National Gallery 1894-1904 during which time overseeing the opening of the Tate Gallery. Elected an Associate of the Royal Academy on 30 January 1869 and a Member on 24 June 1876 and in 1896, on the death of Sir John Millais, Poynter was elected President on 10 December 1895 and received a knighthood being made a baronet in 1902. He married in 1866 the famous beauty Agnes, daughter of Revd G. B. MacDonald of Wolverhampton and they had three children. His wife's sister Georgiana, married the artist Edward Burne-Jones and sister Alice was the mother of writer Rudyard Kipling sister Louisa was the mother of three-times-Prime Minister, Stanley Baldwin. Poynter's old schools of Brighton and Ipswich held exhibtions of his work, Ipswich in 1982 and Brighton in its Burstow Gallery in 1995.

Works by This Artist