BARNES, Frederick

1814 - 1898

Frederick Barnes was born at Hackney in London in 1814 and educated at Christ’s Hospital School where his father was master. Articled to architect Sydney Smirke (1798-1877) in London and then worked in Liverpool for several years coming to Ipswich in 1843 to assist his friend, John Medland Clark (1813-1849), on the new Ipswich Custom House building. Frederick married at Lewisham in 1846, Caroline née Betts (1821-19 March 1888) and in 1850, following the death of Clark, opened his own practice from 13 Lower Brook Street, Ipswich where he lived with his Epsom born wife and a servant. One of his first commissions was for Charles Stewart for Thurleston Lodge in Henley Road, Ipswich which was built in 1851/2. He exhibited three architectural painting at the Royal Academy, and he also exhibited paintings at Needham Market Fine Arts & Industrial Exhibition at the Town Hall on 11 July 1867. In 1871 an architect still at 13 Lower Brook Street, Ipswich with his wife and two servants but later moved his office to Hatton Court when Frederick and Caroline were living at Mill Hill, a large house at 61 Anglesea Road in Ipswich where he was still living in 1891, a widower with two unmarried sisters, Mira Olivia (1813-March 1895) and Susanna (1817-6 February 1898), both retired school keepers who both died at Mill House. In 1888 Frederick had one of the largest architect practices in the town, his most notable buildings were the railway stations which he designed for the Great Eastern Railway in a Tudor Gothic style, the best of which survive are at Needham Market, Stowmarket, and Bury St Edmund's. Less successfully, he was the architect of the church of St Andrew at Melton on the outskirts of Woodbridge, but he was also responsible for many church restorations. Frederick Barnes died at Ipswich on 6 December 1898, aged 84 and buried in Ipswich Cemetery three days later and certainly, designed his gravestone himself, he does not appear to have had any issue.

Royal Academy Exhibits
from Ipswich
1848 1098 Passenger Station on the Eastern Union Railway (Needham Market)
1851 284 A Gentleman's Residence, lately erected near Ipswich (Thurleston Lodge)
1854 1203 Mansion at Harrow

Works by This Artist